Varieties of Cabbage:

There are many early and late yielding varieties. Late Dutch, Early Jersey Wakefield, Danish Ball head, KTH-1, KTH-2, KCH-5 are some varieties. Plant to plant spacing 30 to 45 cm and row to row spacing of 45 to 60cm is adopted depending on soil conditions and variety and method of irrigation.


Growth period and water requirement :

Stage of Growth
Parameter Initial Stage Crop Development Mid-Season Late Season Growth Period
Duration days 20-30 30-35 20-30 10-20 80-115
ETm ( mm ) 20% 25% 45% 10% 380-500
Kc 0.4-0.5 0.7-0.8 0.95-1.1 0.90-1.0 -

Drip System recommendation from Premier range:

Crop Spacing
Soil Type Product Selection Premier Range Lateral Spacing
Emitter Spacing
Emitter Discharge
Emitter per Plant
0.45 x 0.60 Clay Drip-InTM/In-Drip
1.20 0.60 2lph/4lph n/a
0.45 x 0.60 Loam Drip-InTM/In-Drip
1.20 0.40 2lph/4lph n/a
0.30 x 0.60 Sandy Drip-InTM/In-Drip
1.20 0.30/0.40 2lph/4lph n/a

Sprinkler Irrigation recommendation from Premier range:

As the crop is a closely spaced crop, sprinkler irrigation is ideal for irrigation. The recommended models of sprinklers are M110ST & RAYNTM normally spaced at 12m x 12m or M150ST sprinklers spaced at 18m x 18m.
The sprinkler application rates should not exceed the safe intake rate of the soil to avoid run-off and wastage of water. Refer to the table below for basic intake rates of soils:

S no. Soil Type Good soils with high organic content Poor Soils with low organic content
1. Coarse sand 20 - 25 mm/hr 12.5 mm/hr
2. Fine sand 12.5 - 20 mm/hr 9.00 mm/hr
3. Fine sandy loams 12.50 mm/hr 7.50 mm/hr
4. Silt loams 10.00 mm/hr 6.85 mm/hr
5. Clay Loams 7.50 mm/hr 6.35 mm/hr

Fertilizer Recommendation :

Irrigation Method N-P-K dose kg/ha
Rainfed cabbage 100-50-100
Irrigated cabbage 150-65-130


Kc = Crop co-efficient.
ETo = Reference evapo-transpiration (mm)
ETm = Maximum evapo-transpiration = Kc x ETo (mm)
ETa = Evapo-transpiration actual (mm)
Ya = Actual yield
Ym = Maximum yield


Note: The advice and descriptions given herein are for general information only. Premier Irrigation cannot be held responsible for its use or application

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