Varieties of Oil Palm:

  1. Tenera: It is the hybrid type and widely cultivated
  2. Dura: It has a thick shell and cultivated locally
  3. Pisifera: It is fruit-bearing variety having no shell


Growth period and water requirement :

Stage of Growth
Parameter Initial Stage Crop Development Mid-Season Late Season Growth Period
Oil Palm Perennial Crop
Duration Days 60 90 120 95 365 Days
ETm ( mm ) Use appropriate values of Kc and ETo 2000-2500 mm/year
Kc 20% canopy 0.40 0.45 0.50 0.55 -
Kc 50% canopy 0.50 0.60 0.60 0.65 -
Kc 70% canopy 0.60 0.65 0.70 0.75 -

Drip System Recommendation From Premier Range:

Crop Spacing
No. of plants/ha Lateral Spacing
Product Selection Premier Range Emitter Discharge
Emitters per plant
Micro jets per plant
9 m x 9m
143 7.79 ONLINE- TABE/ MICRO JETS 8lph/14 lph
40-60 LPH

Fertilizer Recommendation :

Oil Palm tree N-P-K dose kg/ha
Farmyard manure 75 to 100 kg FYM or 90 to 100 kg of green manure applied 3 months after planting
Fertilizer Macro N -First year 125 tons /year/ ha. Second-year, 250 tons/year/ha and 370 tons/ha/year after the third year
P- First year 180 tons /year/ ha. Second-year, 360 tons/year/ha and 520 tons/ha/year after the third year
K- First year 90 tons /year/ ha. Second-year, 190 tons/year/ha and 280 tons/ha/year after the third year
Fertilizer micronutrients Magnesium and Boron are critical for Oil palm growth.
Magnesium applies at a rate of 15, 30 and 45 tons/ha/year from 1st, 2nd and 3rd year onward.
Boron 5, 10 and 20 tons/ha/year from 1st, 2nd and 3rd year onward.


Kc = Crop co-efficient.
ETo = Reference evapo-transpiration (mm)
ETm = Maximum evapo-transpiration = Kc x ETo (mm)
ETa = Evapo-transpiration actual (mm)
Ya = Actual yield
Ym = Maximum yield


Note: The advice and descriptions given herein are for general information only. Premier Irrigation cannot be held responsible for its use or application.

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